What is supercomputer?
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general purpose computer. Performance of a supercomputer is measured in floating point operations per second instead of million instructions per second. As of 2017, there are supercomputers which can perform up to nearly a hundred quadrillion floating point operations per second. As of November 2017, all of the world’s fastest 500 supercomputers run Linux-based operating systems. Mainly supercomputers have been used for scientific and engineering applications that must handle very large databases or do a great amount of computation. A supercomputer can evaluate billions of calculation or equations in just seconds.
Applications of supercomputer.
1. computational science
2. quantum mechanics
3. molecular modeling
4. oil and gas exploration
5. climate research
Computing the structures and properties of chemical bond and computing of the early moments of the universe, airplane and spacecraft aerodynamics, the detonation of nuclear weapons, and nuclear fusion. There are different types of supercomputer but here we are talking about an advanced supercomputer. Machine optimization evaluating of fluid dynamic, differential equation, and linear programming. Major advanced technology is evaluated by supercomputer. Mainly researcher uses this computer.
Power consume by a supercomputer
The cost to power and cool the system can be significant, example 4 MW at $0.20/kWh is $800 an hour or about $7 million per year.
How much does a supercomputer cost?
So, you’re in the market for a top-of-the-line supercomputer. Aside from the $6 to $7 million in annual energy costs, you can expect to pay anywhere from $100 million to $250 million for design and assembly, not to mention the maintenance costs. This is too much even company to own it, even average supercomputer has a shorter lifespan than your average Xbox 360. The computer will be world-class for maybe 2 or 2 ½ years.
Largest Supercomputer Vendors according to the total Rmax